Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 268,000
2 United Kingdom 34,353
3 China 29,408
4 Australia 25,543
5 Canada 17,493
6 Taiwan 8,386
7 Malaysia 5,764
8 Germany 5,468
9 Turkey 5,405
10 Netherlands 5,273
11 Sweden 4,627
12 Thailand 4,410
13 Hong Kong 4,398
14 South Africa 3,773
15 Indonesia 3,668
16 South Korea 3,475
17 Colombia 3,299
18 New Zealand 3,297
19 Norway 3,245
20 Ireland 3,034

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach