Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 268,128
2 United Kingdom 36,689
3 China 28,677
4 Australia 26,148
5 Canada 18,490
6 Taiwan 8,340
7 Netherlands 6,371
8 Malaysia 6,214
9 Turkey 6,156
10 Sweden 5,206
11 Germany 5,095
12 Hong Kong 4,650
13 Indonesia 4,242
14 Thailand 4,062
15 South Korea 3,992
16 South Africa 3,741
17 Colombia 3,558
18 New Zealand 3,087
19 Greece 2,866
20 Brazil 2,846

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach