Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,320
2 United States 852
3 India 644
4 South Korea 384
5 Germany 306
6 United Kingdom 256
7 Australia 214
8 Canada 207
9 Taiwan 195
10 Turkey 172
11 Italy 162
12 Malaysia 156
13 Russia 138
14 Indonesia 117
15 France 112
16 Japan 112
17 Spain 91
18 United Arab Emirates 89
19 Brazil 86
20 Hong Kong 83

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach