Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,303
2 United States 4,746
3 India 1,795
4 Australia 911
5 United Kingdom 852
6 South Korea 800
7 Germany 788
8 Italy 490
9 Japan 461
10 Canada 415
11 Russia 373
12 Taiwan 341
13 Turkey 306
14 Brazil 289
15 Thailand 269
16 Spain 265
17 France 231
18 Norway 207
19 Portugal 201
20 Hong Kong 191

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.