Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 13,908
2 China 3,659
3 Japan 2,728
4 South Korea 1,728
5 United Kingdom 1,401
6 Australia 985
7 Canada 910
8 Switzerland 889
9 Germany 869
10 France 840
11 Taiwan 632
12 Spain 580
13 Turkey 575
14 Russia 541
15 Italy 500
16 Netherlands 472
17 Thailand 420
18 India 402
19 Brazil 374
20 Belgium 348

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach