Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,610
2 China 1,243
3 Japan 1,078
4 South Korea 354
5 United Kingdom 353
6 Switzerland 273
7 Germany 258
8 France 248
9 Australia 244
10 Canada 230
11 Spain 203
12 Turkey 161
13 Netherlands 152
14 Colombia 151
15 Belgium 146
16 Russia 134
17 Italy 134
18 Brazil 134
19 Thailand 126
20 Taiwan 124

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach