Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,818
2 United States 1,425
3 United Kingdom 888
4 Spain 744
5 Germany 695
6 Indonesia 532
7 Canada 474
8 Costa Rica 472
9 Colombia 462
10 Brazil 440
11 Peru 410
12 India 387
13 Mexico 316
14 Guatemala 280
15 Chile 245
16 Malaysia 229
17 Switzerland 215
18 Turkey 214
19 Russia 209
20 Italy 197

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.