Downloads

  • 1 100
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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,188
2 United States 2,748
3 Malaysia 1,679
4 India 1,669
5 Thailand 1,408
6 United Kingdom 786
7 Russia 609
8 Brazil 593
9 Japan 550
10 Turkey 548
11 Mexico 431
12 Australia 426
13 Italy 425
14 Canada 424
15 Spain 398
16 Indonesia 389
17 Philippines 381
18 South Korea 371
19 Colombia 321
20 Germany 314

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach