Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,602
2 India 1,543
3 China 1,499
4 United Kingdom 672
5 South Korea 613
6 Russia 519
7 Japan 503
8 Germany 488
9 Brazil 430
10 Thailand 395
11 Turkey 388
12 Poland 372
13 Malaysia 335
14 Canada 301
15 Italy 282
16 Ethiopia 271
17 Ireland 269
18 Colombia 265
19 Pakistan 261
20 Australia 256

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach