Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,349
2 India 1,260
3 United States 771
4 Thailand 268
5 Malaysia 222
6 South Korea 222
7 United Kingdom 210
8 Brazil 209
9 Turkey 189
10 Russia 188
11 Germany 161
12 Norway 161
13 Taiwan 132
14 Colombia 128
15 Spain 112
16 Pakistan 111
17 Australia 99
18 Indonesia 96
19 Japan 93
20 Ethiopia 92

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach