Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,300
2 India 3,765
3 United States 2,184
4 Malaysia 890
5 Russia 780
6 Thailand 753
7 Brazil 734
8 South Korea 677
9 Turkey 637
10 Pakistan 603
11 Taiwan 584
12 Indonesia 565
13 United Kingdom 488
14 Japan 369
15 Ethiopia 359
16 Iran 333
17 Colombia 320
18 Germany 316
19 Mexico 293
20 Australia 277

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach