Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,476
2 United States 4,070
3 United Kingdom 1,664
4 India 962
5 Japan 777
6 Australia 773
7 Hong Kong 732
8 South Korea 708
9 Germany 560
10 Taiwan 553
11 Netherlands 489
12 Iran 476
13 Canada 448
14 Italy 392
15 France 391
16 Turkey 389
17 Russia 305
18 Thailand 303
19 Spain 301
20 Malaysia 253

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach