Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 69,108
2 China 16,557
3 Japan 10,601
4 United Kingdom 8,415
5 Canada 7,287
6 Australia 6,412
7 Germany 5,719
8 Taiwan 4,817
9 South Korea 4,644
10 India 3,600
11 Switzerland 3,498
12 Thailand 3,237
13 Netherlands 2,931
14 Turkey 2,919
15 Italy 2,796
16 France 2,736
17 Spain 2,569
18 Brazil 1,952
19 Russia 1,782
20 Indonesia 1,776

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach