Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 27,464
2 United States 17,109
3 South Korea 7,303
4 Germany 6,667
5 United Kingdom 6,422
6 India 6,217
7 Japan 4,585
8 Italy 3,468
9 Netherlands 3,424
10 Australia 3,305
11 Portugal 3,073
12 Turkey 2,843
13 Taiwan 2,738
14 Russia 2,538
15 Spain 2,422
16 Canada 2,301
17 Switzerland 1,933
18 France 1,860
19 Hong Kong 1,473
20 Brazil 1,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach