Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 8,803
2 United States 7,679
3 South Korea 2,969
4 Germany 2,964
5 United Kingdom 2,904
6 India 2,572
7 Japan 1,792
8 Australia 1,765
9 Portugal 1,635
10 Netherlands 1,562
11 Italy 1,448
12 Turkey 1,354
13 Spain 1,045
14 Canada 1,026
15 Russia 985
16 Taiwan 966
17 Switzerland 791
18 France 738
19 Brazil 678
20 Ireland 592

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach