Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 14,880
2 China 10,078
3 Japan 4,133
4 Germany 4,002
5 United Kingdom 3,633
6 Spain 2,619
7 South Korea 2,589
8 Switzerland 2,511
9 Italy 2,132
10 France 1,908
11 Australia 1,714
12 India 1,626
13 Taiwan 1,517
14 Canada 1,432
15 Netherlands 1,346
16 Russia 917
17 Turkey 787
18 Belgium 783
19 Denmark 772
20 Brazil 721

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach