Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 15,664
2 Japan 2,153
3 China 1,702
4 Australia 1,521
5 United Kingdom 1,282
6 Canada 970
7 South Korea 658
8 Taiwan 633
9 India 600
10 Switzerland 596
11 Spain 558
12 Thailand 521
13 Colombia 488
14 Italy 482
15 France 432
16 Turkey 418
17 Netherlands 391
18 Germany 382
19 Sweden 369
20 Russia 336

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach