Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Australia 32,268
2 United States 21,744
3 United Kingdom 11,778
4 China 4,891
5 Canada 4,467
6 Sweden 3,637
7 Norway 2,230
8 New Zealand 2,149
9 Turkey 2,114
10 Indonesia 1,997
11 South Korea 1,435
12 Spain 1,411
13 Italy 1,360
14 Ireland 1,356
15 Netherlands 1,150
16 Thailand 1,140
17 Taiwan 1,010
18 Philippines 870
19 Brazil 849
20 Belgium 827

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach