Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 55,972
2 China 24,154
3 Italy 15,128
4 Japan 14,186
5 United Kingdom 11,663
6 Netherlands 7,923
7 Canada 5,673
8 Germany 5,670
9 Australia 5,425
10 France 5,259
11 South Korea 4,738
12 Spain 4,449
13 Switzerland 3,958
14 Taiwan 3,215
15 Turkey 3,128
16 Belgium 2,865
17 Russia 2,591
18 Brazil 2,448
19 Sweden 2,441
20 Finland 1,745

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach