Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 30,231
2 China 17,349
3 South Korea 7,593
4 Japan 4,961
5 United Kingdom 4,923
6 Germany 4,093
7 India 3,971
8 Taiwan 3,738
9 Australia 2,321
10 Italy 1,934
11 Switzerland 1,916
12 Canada 1,871
13 France 1,783
14 Netherlands 1,633
15 Turkey 1,516
16 Spain 1,499
17 Russia 1,450
18 Thailand 1,390
19 Brazil 1,101
20 Iran 1,095

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach