Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 28,466
2 China 5,086
3 United Kingdom 3,253
4 Australia 3,030
5 Canada 1,926
6 Japan 1,873
7 Colombia 1,529
8 Germany 1,199
9 Spain 996
10 Switzerland 971
11 Netherlands 916
12 South Korea 885
13 Thailand 875
14 Italy 868
15 Taiwan 847
16 France 780
17 Russia 742
18 Turkey 716
19 Brazil 712
20 Indonesia 711

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.