Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 49,212
2 Switzerland 15,713
3 Germany 15,320
4 Japan 7,782
5 South Korea 4,786
6 China 4,349
7 United Kingdom 3,480
8 India 3,116
9 Australia 3,081
10 Netherlands 1,592
11 Taiwan 1,260
12 Italy 1,045
13 Thailand 1,023
14 Canada 926
15 Spain 865
16 Denmark 856
17 Austria 809
18 Iran 711
19 France 701
20 New Zealand 581

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach