Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 8,170
2 China 2,428
3 Japan 1,196
4 India 1,054
5 Australia 876
6 United Kingdom 873
7 South Korea 743
8 Canada 710
9 Turkey 560
10 Taiwan 529
11 Germany 496
12 Iran 436
13 Italy 429
14 Poland 421
15 Switzerland 404
16 Spain 364
17 Thailand 357
18 France 354
19 Russia 353
20 Colombia 341

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach