Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 4,804
2 China 1,017
3 India 695
4 Japan 625
5 Australia 480
6 United Kingdom 470
7 Canada 413
8 South Korea 376
9 Turkey 360
10 Taiwan 302
11 Iran 298
12 Germany 268
13 Switzerland 261
14 Poland 232
15 Italy 223
16 Spain 211
17 Russia 206
18 Malaysia 190
19 Thailand 188
20 Mexico 187

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach