Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 4,691
2 China 1,631
3 United Kingdom 1,070
4 Netherlands 738
5 South Korea 436
6 Japan 409
7 Germany 364
8 Switzerland 360
9 India 351
10 Australia 266
11 Canada 257
12 Russia 242
13 France 229
14 Turkey 191
15 Taiwan 188
16 Italy 177
17 Brazil 174
18 Belgium 119
19 Mexico 111
20 Spain 105

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.