Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 53,133
2 China 29,202
3 United Kingdom 14,166
4 South Korea 8,651
5 Japan 7,755
6 France 6,881
7 Brazil 6,441
8 Russia 6,197
9 Germany 6,112
10 Canada 6,082
11 Italy 5,693
12 Netherlands 5,284
13 India 5,068
14 Switzerland 4,332
15 Taiwan 4,304
16 Australia 4,216
17 Turkey 4,116
18 Mexico 3,965
19 Spain 3,789
20 Thailand 2,404

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach