Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 34,984
2 France 27,164
3 China 17,420
4 United Kingdom 9,660
5 Switzerland 8,155
6 Australia 7,464
7 Turkey 7,134
8 Canada 6,717
9 Spain 6,145
10 Japan 6,036
11 Belgium 4,893
12 South Korea 4,552
13 Netherlands 4,551
14 Italy 3,927
15 Taiwan 2,729
16 Colombia 2,715
17 Brazil 2,396
18 Germany 2,046
19 Sweden 1,989
20 Thailand 1,794

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach