Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 22,471
2 United Kingdom 11,156
3 China 9,762
4 Japan 5,467
5 Germany 4,074
6 France 4,016
7 Italy 3,408
8 South Korea 3,195
9 Netherlands 3,030
10 India 2,833
11 Switzerland 2,578
12 Canada 2,479
13 Brazil 2,366
14 Russia 1,949
15 Turkey 1,522
16 Taiwan 1,500
17 Australia 1,314
18 Belgium 1,280
19 Denmark 1,273
20 Sweden 1,011

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach