Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 15,730
2 United Kingdom 7,905
3 China 5,916
4 Japan 4,023
5 Germany 2,705
6 Italy 2,640
7 France 2,444
8 Netherlands 2,030
9 South Korea 1,993
10 India 1,976
11 Canada 1,682
12 Switzerland 1,586
13 Brazil 1,502
14 Russia 1,194
15 Taiwan 995
16 Australia 986
17 Turkey 925
18 Belgium 830
19 Thailand 776
20 Denmark 747

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach