Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 38,035
2 Germany 12,581
3 United Kingdom 9,417
4 China 9,293
5 India 8,086
6 Russia 5,445
7 South Korea 3,858
8 Brazil 3,792
9 Australia 3,790
10 Canada 3,683
11 Italy 3,427
12 Switzerland 3,195
13 Japan 3,071
14 Spain 3,054
15 Turkey 2,817
16 Taiwan 2,725
17 France 2,724
18 Thailand 2,182
19 Malaysia 2,079
20 Netherlands 1,920

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach