Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 123,660
2 United States 40,257
3 India 29,940
4 South Korea 22,722
5 United Kingdom 12,370
6 Germany 12,368
7 Japan 10,675
8 Taiwan 9,929
9 Australia 7,744
10 Malaysia 6,902
11 Thailand 6,586
12 Russia 6,517
13 Canada 5,929
14 Turkey 4,629
15 France 4,321
16 Spain 4,247
17 Brazil 4,143
18 Italy 3,990
19 Iran 3,382
20 Netherlands 3,200

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach