Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 87,797
2 India 22,856
3 United States 22,765
4 Turkey 12,580
5 Taiwan 11,849
6 South Korea 11,516
7 Russia 9,538
8 Brazil 7,993
9 Malaysia 7,309
10 Japan 7,114
11 United Kingdom 6,552
12 Thailand 5,568
13 France 4,544
14 Australia 4,369
15 Mexico 4,204
16 Poland 3,672
17 Canada 3,402
18 Iran 3,331
19 South Africa 3,286
20 Pakistan 3,133

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach