Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 25,875
2 United Kingdom 6,528
3 China 4,990
4 Japan 4,305
5 Australia 3,535
6 Spain 3,279
7 Canada 3,213
8 Germany 3,152
9 Italy 3,107
10 India 2,773
11 South Korea 2,583
12 Netherlands 2,370
13 Switzerland 1,928
14 Taiwan 1,723
15 Turkey 1,684
16 Russia 1,598
17 Brazil 1,457
18 France 1,444
19 Thailand 1,105
20 Sweden 1,047

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach