Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 127,032
2 China 44,642
3 United Kingdom 36,631
4 France 25,340
5 Germany 21,845
6 Japan 15,869
7 Switzerland 14,244
8 India 13,462
9 Canada 11,558
10 South Korea 11,052
11 Netherlands 9,700
12 Australia 9,249
13 Spain 6,769
14 Italy 6,765
15 Russia 5,622
16 Sweden 5,475
17 Israel 5,045
18 Brazil 4,651
19 Taiwan 4,544
20 Belgium 4,528

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.