Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 97,848
2 China 30,884
3 United Kingdom 27,832
4 Germany 17,553
5 Japan 12,220
6 Switzerland 10,692
7 India 10,233
8 Canada 9,237
9 France 8,785
10 South Korea 7,726
11 Netherlands 7,094
12 Australia 7,082
13 Spain 5,051
14 Italy 4,591
15 Russia 4,529
16 Mexico 3,881
17 Israel 3,794
18 Brazil 3,781
19 Taiwan 3,648
20 Belgium 3,292

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.