Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 26,824
2 United States 14,221
3 United Kingdom 8,354
4 Italy 4,533
5 Germany 4,331
6 Australia 3,706
7 Indonesia 3,207
8 Japan 3,051
9 Canada 2,941
10 Netherlands 2,699
11 France 2,616
12 India 2,386
13 Turkey 2,369
14 Russia 2,247
15 Spain 2,080
16 Switzerland 1,931
17 Malaysia 1,525
18 South Korea 1,496
19 Brazil 1,494
20 Taiwan 1,437

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach