Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 11,396
2 China 9,003
3 United Kingdom 8,394
4 Australia 4,214
5 India 3,772
6 Indonesia 3,641
7 South Africa 3,212
8 Canada 2,578
9 Netherlands 2,548
10 Malaysia 2,257
11 Ethiopia 2,083
12 Thailand 1,990
13 Germany 1,952
14 Brazil 1,686
15 Japan 1,669
16 France 1,662
17 Russia 1,563
18 Italy 1,460
19 Colombia 1,211
20 Turkey 1,178

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach