Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,153,768
2 United States 177,672
3 South Korea 97,005
4 India 78,035
5 United Kingdom 46,426
6 Taiwan 45,202
7 Japan 43,143
8 Germany 38,527
9 Turkey 31,702
10 Australia 27,196
11 Italy 25,619
12 Russia 22,661
13 Canada 19,690
14 Hong Kong 19,527
15 Brazil 19,512
16 Spain 18,630
17 Iran 18,544
18 Thailand 18,251
19 Netherlands 17,806
20 Portugal 16,464

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach