Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 131,711
2 China 23,185
3 Japan 15,345
4 Australia 14,502
5 Canada 12,311
6 United Kingdom 10,105
7 India 7,610
8 Germany 7,592
9 South Korea 6,856
10 Italy 6,495
11 Netherlands 6,178
12 Spain 4,863
13 Taiwan 4,790
14 Switzerland 4,579
15 France 4,075
16 Russia 3,607
17 Turkey 3,228
18 Brazil 3,108
19 Austria 2,784
20 Thailand 2,565

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach