Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 95,386
2 China 17,430
3 Australia 11,618
4 Japan 10,802
5 Canada 9,242
6 United Kingdom 7,415
7 India 5,953
8 Germany 5,721
9 Italy 4,622
10 Netherlands 4,407
11 South Korea 3,986
12 Spain 3,725
13 Taiwan 3,559
14 Switzerland 3,344
15 France 2,896
16 Russia 2,718
17 Brazil 2,166
18 Turkey 2,129
19 Thailand 1,977
20 Austria 1,754

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach