Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 97,954
2 United Kingdom 25,477
3 China 17,644
4 Australia 13,342
5 Canada 9,453
6 Germany 9,390
7 Japan 8,115
8 Netherlands 7,342
9 Switzerland 6,959
10 Thailand 5,426
11 France 5,112
12 Taiwan 4,541
13 India 4,415
14 Spain 4,320
15 Malaysia 3,398
16 Russia 3,358
17 South Korea 3,334
18 Italy 3,324
19 Brazil 3,145
20 Indonesia 3,088

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach