Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 120,351
2 United Kingdom 33,940
3 China 23,241
4 Australia 17,134
5 Germany 12,636
6 Canada 11,819
7 Japan 10,833
8 Netherlands 9,675
9 Switzerland 8,597
10 France 7,135
11 Thailand 6,258
12 India 5,717
13 Spain 5,667
14 Taiwan 5,147
15 Russia 5,107
16 South Korea 4,709
17 Italy 4,424
18 Brazil 4,165
19 Malaysia 3,959
20 Turkey 3,873

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach