Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 20,248
2 United States 16,642
3 United Kingdom 12,300
4 India 10,553
5 Germany 6,004
6 Malaysia 4,521
7 Indonesia 3,787
8 Taiwan 3,679
9 Australia 3,544
10 Canada 2,612
11 Turkey 2,581
12 Russia 2,444
13 Thailand 2,425
14 South Korea 2,389
15 Netherlands 2,228
16 Iran 1,973
17 Pakistan 1,909
18 France 1,794
19 Italy 1,733
20 Brazil 1,632

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach