Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 17,536
2 United States 13,613
3 United Kingdom 9,731
4 India 9,062
5 Germany 4,541
6 Malaysia 3,912
7 Indonesia 3,306
8 Australia 2,929
9 Taiwan 2,855
10 Canada 2,143
11 Russia 2,026
12 Turkey 1,999
13 Thailand 1,994
14 Iran 1,775
15 Pakistan 1,688
16 South Korea 1,685
17 Netherlands 1,655
18 Italy 1,401
19 Brazil 1,394
20 France 1,338

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach