Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 968,424
2 United States 348,796
3 India 261,598
4 Germany 248,783
5 United Kingdom 174,854
6 Russia 135,621
7 Turkey 105,794
8 Brazil 101,028
9 Taiwan 98,746
10 France 96,064
11 Netherlands 86,843
12 South Korea 84,730
13 Italy 83,091
14 Japan 81,869
15 Malaysia 80,144
16 Australia 74,309
17 Canada 72,448
18 Indonesia 71,389
19 Thailand 71,001
20 Iran 62,150

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.