Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 25,597
2 United Kingdom 16,671
3 China 10,311
4 Germany 9,081
5 Netherlands 6,396
6 India 5,672
7 Australia 5,638
8 Canada 4,905
9 Italy 4,513
10 France 4,241
11 South Africa 4,119
12 Spain 3,129
13 Switzerland 3,001
14 Ethiopia 2,700
15 Sweden 2,683
16 Taiwan 2,594
17 Russia 2,554
18 Thailand 2,493
19 Japan 2,467
20 Norway 2,361

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach