Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 20,681
2 United Kingdom 12,643
3 China 7,713
4 Germany 7,412
5 Netherlands 4,864
6 India 4,714
7 Australia 4,613
8 Canada 4,056
9 Italy 3,509
10 France 3,209
11 South Africa 3,189
12 Spain 2,760
13 Switzerland 2,425
14 Sweden 2,213
15 Russia 2,156
16 Taiwan 2,019
17 Japan 1,989
18 Norway 1,962
19 Brazil 1,937
20 Ethiopia 1,895

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach