Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 15,389
2 United States 11,405
3 United Kingdom 9,100
4 India 4,433
5 Norway 3,454
6 Australia 3,301
7 Germany 3,184
8 Malaysia 2,447
9 Turkey 2,400
10 Netherlands 2,366
11 France 2,348
12 Russia 1,995
13 Canada 1,969
14 Brazil 1,710
15 Indonesia 1,708
16 South Korea 1,650
17 Switzerland 1,511
18 Italy 1,475
19 Taiwan 1,225
20 Japan 1,123

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach