Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 9,814
2 United Kingdom 4,096
3 Canada 3,752
4 China 3,713
5 Russia 3,620
6 Brazil 3,311
7 Thailand 2,946
8 Spain 2,287
9 Australia 2,266
10 Italy 2,126
11 France 2,053
12 Germany 1,947
13 India 1,513
14 Colombia 1,475
15 Malaysia 1,471
16 Japan 1,469
17 Turkey 1,437
18 Switzerland 1,310
19 South Africa 1,254
20 Iran 1,184

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach