Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 19,144
2 United States 15,763
3 Switzerland 7,555
4 Germany 6,659
5 United Kingdom 6,639
6 India 5,666
7 Italy 5,557
8 Russia 4,654
9 Japan 4,374
10 France 2,588
11 Taiwan 2,272
12 Spain 2,254
13 Brazil 2,169
14 Australia 1,893
15 South Korea 1,852
16 Canada 1,784
17 Mexico 1,534
18 Malaysia 1,288
19 Turkey 1,206
20 Thailand 1,198

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach