Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 21,320
2 United States 17,805
3 Germany 8,716
4 Switzerland 8,053
5 United Kingdom 7,258
6 Italy 6,389
7 India 5,886
8 Russia 5,316
9 Japan 5,119
10 France 2,810
11 Spain 2,605
12 Canada 2,584
13 Brazil 2,529
14 Taiwan 2,427
15 South Korea 1,851
16 Colombia 1,845
17 Mexico 1,806
18 Thailand 1,506
19 Australia 1,473
20 Malaysia 1,324

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach