Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 93,358
2 Japan 69,723
3 China 59,561
4 India 33,185
5 United Kingdom 23,657
6 South Korea 19,190
7 Germany 17,228
8 Taiwan 13,369
9 Russia 11,860
10 Thailand 11,516
11 Canada 10,603
12 Brazil 9,593
13 Australia 8,049
14 Malaysia 7,764
15 France 7,717
16 Italy 7,417
17 Turkey 6,504
18 Mexico 6,414
19 Spain 6,208
20 Switzerland 5,440

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach