Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 73,194
2 United Kingdom 28,173
3 China 17,872
4 Australia 14,416
5 Canada 11,633
6 Germany 9,714
7 Malaysia 6,503
8 Iran 5,192
9 Indonesia 4,863
10 Turkey 4,772
11 Netherlands 4,696
12 India 4,490
13 Italy 3,977
14 Spain 3,548
15 Thailand 3,548
16 Taiwan 3,328
17 Russia 3,314
18 France 2,999
19 South Korea 2,674
20 Sweden 2,656

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach