Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 168,375
2 United Kingdom 52,165
3 China 32,285
4 Australia 31,565
5 Canada 27,110
6 Germany 12,983
7 India 12,215
8 Indonesia 10,606
9 Malaysia 10,461
10 Netherlands 8,957
11 Japan 7,796
12 Thailand 7,682
13 Sweden 6,846
14 New Zealand 6,384
15 Taiwan 6,315
16 Iran 5,886
17 South Africa 5,668
18 Russia 5,391
19 Spain 4,982
20 Turkey 4,726

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach