Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 48,974
2 China 22,957
3 United Kingdom 21,104
4 Australia 16,724
5 Germany 8,079
6 Canada 7,936
7 Russia 7,320
8 Brazil 7,173
9 India 7,159
10 France 7,062
11 Thailand 6,462
12 Italy 6,151
13 Netherlands 5,225
14 Ethiopia 5,137
15 Japan 5,127
16 Malaysia 5,002
17 South Africa 4,504
18 South Korea 4,056
19 Switzerland 3,927
20 Colombia 3,865

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach