Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 91,110
2 China 65,301
3 Germany 42,769
4 India 31,967
5 United Kingdom 30,641
6 Japan 17,938
7 South Korea 17,613
8 Italy 16,104
9 Russia 15,894
10 France 15,059
11 Australia 11,278
12 Canada 10,501
13 Brazil 10,026
14 Switzerland 9,801
15 Netherlands 9,113
16 Spain 8,391
17 Turkey 8,033
18 Taiwan 8,001
19 Poland 5,782
20 Sweden 5,766

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach