Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 67,928
2 China 38,282
3 Germany 31,649
4 India 23,608
5 United Kingdom 22,439
6 Japan 12,596
7 Russia 12,553
8 Italy 11,646
9 France 10,032
10 South Korea 9,794
11 Brazil 8,423
12 Australia 8,226
13 Canada 7,957
14 Switzerland 6,895
15 Netherlands 6,186
16 Turkey 5,823
17 Spain 5,782
18 Taiwan 5,179
19 Sweden 4,383
20 Poland 3,929

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach