Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 29,957
2 United States 28,096
3 China 22,407
4 Australia 11,302
5 Germany 10,684
6 Netherlands 10,142
7 Malaysia 5,110
8 India 4,907
9 Sweden 4,859
10 Indonesia 4,733
11 France 4,727
12 Canada 4,715
13 Italy 4,388
14 Turkey 3,464
15 Russia 3,393
16 Denmark 3,382
17 Finland 3,324
18 Switzerland 3,302
19 South Africa 3,298
20 Spain 3,185

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.