Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 21,366
2 France 19,236
3 Canada 12,764
4 United Kingdom 8,132
5 Australia 5,812
6 China 5,451
7 Belgium 2,068
8 Switzerland 1,673
9 Germany 1,310
10 Indonesia 1,103
11 Netherlands 979
12 New Zealand 896
13 Ireland 888
14 Turkey 868
15 Malaysia 855
16 South Africa 752
17 Colombia 740
18 Taiwan 723
19 Sweden 688
20 Mexico 609

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach