Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 156,708
2 United Kingdom 116,890
3 United States 71,517
4 Australia 36,555
5 Turkey 34,905
6 Italy 32,369
7 Malaysia 32,283
8 Netherlands 32,183
9 Brazil 31,221
10 India 30,070
11 Indonesia 26,685
12 Russia 25,764
13 Thailand 21,918
14 Spain 20,229
15 Canada 20,096
16 Sweden 19,662
17 Taiwan 19,232
18 France 16,234
19 Germany 15,992
20 Portugal 14,991

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach