Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,437
2 China 1,535
3 United Kingdom 948
4 Japan 833
5 Germany 739
6 South Korea 720
7 India 583
8 Taiwan 546
9 Thailand 477
10 Belgium 393
11 Canada 324
12 Turkey 324
13 Australia 309
14 Russia 281
15 Italy 250
16 Netherlands 217
17 Iran 195
18 France 195
19 Malaysia 194
20 Poland 189

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.