Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 169,593
2 China 157,736
3 South Korea 26,981
4 United Kingdom 24,266
5 India 17,102
6 Japan 13,005
7 Germany 12,708
8 Canada 12,387
9 Australia 10,134
10 France 9,207
11 Switzerland 8,924
12 Italy 7,353
13 Taiwan 7,084
14 Netherlands 6,856
15 Hong Kong 6,291
16 Singapore 6,193
17 Turkey 5,213
18 Russia 4,726
19 Israel 3,960
20 Brazil 3,532

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach