Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 128,305
2 China 97,490
3 South Korea 19,479
4 United Kingdom 16,339
5 India 12,393
6 Germany 10,603
7 Japan 9,470
8 Canada 8,214
9 France 7,031
10 Australia 6,456
11 Switzerland 6,130
12 Italy 5,389
13 Taiwan 5,289
14 Netherlands 4,509
15 Singapore 4,326
16 Hong Kong 4,123
17 Turkey 3,655
18 Russia 3,348
19 Israel 3,103
20 Brazil 2,550

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach