Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 622,329
2 China 498,673
3 Japan 171,595
4 United Kingdom 136,021
5 Germany 90,851
6 South Korea 70,012
7 Canada 58,900
8 Italy 55,508
9 France 54,304
10 Australia 52,316
11 India 49,997
12 Taiwan 48,043
13 Switzerland 40,507
14 Netherlands 39,299
15 Spain 35,484
16 Russia 31,647
17 Sweden 28,137
18 Brazil 26,296
19 Thailand 19,438
20 Belgium 18,213

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach