Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 737,285
2 China 672,354
3 Japan 211,333
4 United Kingdom 166,160
5 Germany 116,984
6 South Korea 104,479
7 Italy 75,112
8 Canada 68,726
9 India 66,381
10 France 65,745
11 Australia 65,275
12 Taiwan 62,062
13 Switzerland 51,261
14 Netherlands 50,605
15 Spain 48,171
16 Russia 39,197
17 Sweden 34,166
18 Brazil 30,531
19 Belgium 24,780
20 Turkey 23,849

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach